Tag Archive: Mycenaean superstratum



Linear A Lexicon 2018 vocabulary only, no definitions: PART 3: entries 801-1166

Linear A Lexicon 2018 entries 801-1116

This lexicon adopts the conventions followed by L.R. Palmer in his ground-breaking work on Linear B, The Interpretation of Mycenaean Greek Texts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, © 1963, 1998. ix, 488 pp. ISBN 0-19-813144-5 (1998). For Palmers glossary, which follows these conventions, see pp. 402-473.  We have adopted these conventions to make the vocabulary of Linear A accessible to any and all, from lay persons not yet familiar with Linear A and non-linguists (somewhat) familiar with Linear B and/or A all the way to professional linguists adept in Linear B, and possibly also in Linear A, in order that everyone, regardless of education or scholastic background may readily access our Linear A Lexicon and come to familiarize him- or herself with at least the rudiments of Linear A, or in the case of professional linguists, with the intricacies of the syllabary.    

This Lexicon represents all of the vocabulary Alexandre Solça and I myself have compiled, plus around 100 additional exograms deciphered by Peter van Soebergen in his superb 4 volume set, Minoan Linear. Amsterdam, Brave New Books, © 2016. ISBN 9789402157574  
Originally published 1987 

801. rosa  
802. rosasiro 
803. rotau  
804. roti 
805. rotwei 
806. rua 
807. rudedi 
808. ruiko 
809. Rujamime 
810. ruka/rukaa/ruki/rukike 
811. Rukito 
812. ruko
813. rukue
814. ruma/rumu/rumata/rumatase
815. rupoka
816. ruqa/ruqaqa 
817. rura2 (rurai)
818. rusa/rusi
819. rusaka
820. rutari 
821. rutia 
822. ruzuna

823. sadi
824. saja
825. sajama/sajamana
826. sajamadi
827. sajea 
828. saka 
829. samidae 
830. samuku 
831. sanitii 
832. sapo/sapi
833. saqa
834. saqeri 
835. sara2 (sarai)/sarara/saro/saru 
836. saradi
837. sarara
838. sareju 
839. saro/saroqe
840. saru/sarutu 
841. sasaja
842. sasame 
843. Sasara(me)  
844. sasupu 
845. sato/sata 
846. sea/sei 
847. sedina 
848. sedire 
849. seikama 
850. Seimasusaa  
851. seitau
852. Sejarapaja 
853. Sejasinataki
854. Sekadidi 
855. Sekatapi 
856. sekidi  
857. Sekiriteseja 
858. sekutu 
859. semake
860. semetu 
861. senu 
862. sepa
863. sere -or- rese 
864. sesapa3
865. Sesasinunaa
866. sesi -or- sise
867.  setamaru 
868.  Seterimuajaku
869.  Setira 
870.  Setoija 
871. sezami 
872. sezanitao 
873. sezaredu 
874. sezatimitu 
875. sia 
876. side/sidi/sidare
877. sidate/sidatoi 
878. sidija
879. sii/siida/siisi 
880. siitau 
881. sija 
882. Sijanakarunau
883. sika 
884. siketapi
885. sikine 
886. Sikira/Sikirita 
887. sima 
888. simara 
889. simeki
890. simita 
891. sina
892. sinada
893. sinae  
834. sinakanau
895. sinamiu
896. sinatakira
897. sinedui
898. sipiki 
899. sipu3ka 
900. sire/siro/siru/sirute
901. siriki 
902. sireneti
903. sirumarita2 (sirumarita1)
904. sita2 (sitai) -or- ta2si (taisi) 
905. sitetu 
906. situ 
907. situra2re 
908. siwamaa
909. sodira
910. sokanipu
911. sokemase  
912. sudaja
913. suja 
914. sukinima
915. Sukirita/Sukiriteija  
916. suniku 
917. supu2ka
918. supa3 (supai)/supa3ra (supaira) 
919. supi/supu/supu2 (supui) 
920. sure  
921. suria
922. suropa 
923. sutu/sutunara
924. suu 
925. suwaresu
926. suzu 

923. taa
924. tadaki/tadati
925. tadeuka 
926. taikama 
927. Tainaro 
928. tainuma
929. tainumapa 
930. Ta2merakodisi (Taimerakodisi)
931. ta2re (raire)
932. ta2reki /ta2riki (aireki/tairiki)
933. Ta2rimarusi (Tairimarusi) 
944. tai2si (taisi) 
945. ta2tare
946. ta2tite
947. ta2u 
948. tajusu
949. takaa/takari 
950. taki/taku/takui
951. Tamaduda 
952.  Tanamaje
953.  Tanarateutinu 
954.  tanate/tanati  
955.  Tanunikina 
956.  tamaru 
957. tami/tamia/tamisi 
958. tani/taniria/tanirizu 
959. tanika
960. taniti 
961. Tanunikina
962. tanurija
963. tanuwasa... 
964. tapa
965. tapiida
966. tapiqe
967. tara/tare
968.  tarasa 
969.  tarawita
970. tarejanai
971. tarikisu 
972. tarina (tawena)
973. taritama 
974. taro 
975. tasa/tasaja 
976. tasaza
977. tasise 
978. tata/tati 
979. tatapa3du (tatapaidu)
980. ta2tare (taitare)
981. ta2tite (taitite)
982. Tateikezare... (truncated)
983. tedasi/tedatiqa 
984. tedekima 
985. teepikia 
986. teizatima
987. teja(i)/teija
988. teijo
989. tejare 
990. tekare
991. teke/teki 
992. tekidia 
993. temada/temadai
994. temeku
995. temirerawi 
996. tenamipi 
997. tenata/tenataa 
998. Tenatunapa3ku
999. tenekuka
1000. teneruda 
1001. teniku 
1002. tenita(ki) 
1003. tenu/tenumi 
1004. tepi
1005. tera/tere
1006. teraseda 
1007. tereau 
1008.  tereza 
1009.  teri (tewe)/teridu
1010.  terikama 
1011.  tero/teroa 
1012.  terota -or- rotate -or- tatero
1013. terusi 
1014.  tesi/tesiqe  
1015. Tesudesekei 
1016. tetita2 (tetitai)
1017. tetu 
1018. Tewirumati  
1019. Tidama  
1020. tidata 
1021. tidiate
1022. tiditeqati
1023. tiduni/tiduitii
1024. tiisako 
1025. tija
1026. tika 
1027. titiku 
1028. tikiqa 
1029. tikuja 
1030. tikuneda
1031. timaruri/timaruwite
1032. timasa 
1033. timi 
1034. timunuta 
1035. tina
1036. Tinakarunau 
1037. tinata/tinita  
1038. tinesekuda 
1039. Tininaka
1040. tinu/tinuka/tinuja 
1041. tinusekiqa 
1042. tio 
1043. tiqatediti
1044. tiqe/tiqeri/tiqeu 
1045. tiraduja 
1046. tira2
1047. tirakapa3 (tirakapai)
1048. tire 
1049. tisa 
1050. tiri 
1051. tiriadidakitipaku
1052. tisiritua
1053. tisudapa
1054. tita 
1055. titema 
1056. titiku 
1057. titima 
1058. titisutisa 
1059. tiu
1060. tiumaja 
1061. tizanukaa
1062. toipa 
1063. tome 
1064.  toraka 
1065. toreqa
1066. toro
1067. totane 
1068. tuda
1069. tui 
1070. tujuma 
1071. tukidija
1072. tukuse 
1073. tuma/tumei/tumi 
1074. tumitizase 
1075. tunada
1076. tunapa
1077. tunapa3ku
1078. tunija

1079. tunu/tunuja

1080. tuqenu… (truncated)

1081. turunu 
1082. Tupadida
1083. tuqe
1044. turaa 
1085. turunuseme 
1086. turusa
1087. tusi/tusu 
1088. tusupu2
1089. tute/tutesi 

1090. udami/udamia
1091. udeza
1092. udimi 
1093. udiriki 
1094. ukanasi... (truncated) 
1095. ukare 
1096. Ukareasesina 
1097. uki 
1098. uminase 
1099. unaa 
1019. unadi 
1100. unakanasi
1101. unana 
1102. unarukanasi/unarukanati
1103. upa 
1104. uqeti 
1105. urewi 
1106. uro 
1107. uso/usu 
1108. uta/uta2 (utai) 
1109. utaise
1110. utaro 
1111. Utinu 

1112. waduko
1113. waduna
1114. Wadunimi 
1115. waja 
1116. wanai 
1117. wanaka
1118. waomi 
1119. wapitinara2 
1120. wapusua  
1121. wara2qa (waraiqa)

1122. wasato

1123. Wasatomaro

1124. + wasukinima

1125. watepidu 
1126. Watumare
1127. wazudu 
1128. weruma/werumati
1129. wetujupitu
1130. widina 
1131. widui 
1132. widunimi 
1133. wija 
1134. Wijasumatiti 
1135. winadu
1136. winipa 
1137. winu
1138.  winumatari 
1139. wiraremite 
1140. wireu 
1141. wirudu 
1142. wisasane 
1143. witejamu 
1144. witero

1145. zadeu
1146. adeujuraa 
1147. zadua 
1148. zakisenui
1149. zama/zame
1150. zanwaija
1151. zapa 
1152. zare/zaredu
1153. zareki
1154. zaresea 
1155. zasata 
1156. zirinima
1157. zokupa
1158. zokutu 
1159.zudi/zudira/zudu 
1160. zukupi 
1061. zuma 
1062. zupaku 
1163. zurinima
1164. zusiza 
1165. zusu HT 1
1166. zute 

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Linear A Lexicon 2018 vocabulary only, no definitions: PART 2: entries 440-800

Linear A Lexicon 2018 entries 440-800

This lexicon adopts the conventions followed by L.R. Palmer in his ground-breaking work on Linear B, The Interpretation of Mycenaean Greek Texts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, © 1963, 1998. ix, 488 pp. ISBN 0-19-813144-5 (1998). For Palmers glossary, which follows these conventions, see pp. 402-473.  We have adopted these conventions to make the vocabulary of Linear A accessible to any and all, from lay persons not yet familiar with Linear A and non-linguists (somewhat) familiar with Linear B and/or A all the way to professional linguists adept in Linear B, and possibly also in Linear A, in order that everyone, regardless of education or scholastic background may readily access our Linear A Lexicon and come to familiarize him- or herself with at least the rudiments of Linear A, or in the case of professional linguists, with the intricacies of the syllabary.    

This Lexicon represents all of the vocabulary Alexandre Solça and I myself have compiled, plus around 100 additional exograms deciphered by Peter van Soebergen in his superb 4 volume set, Minoan Linear. Amsterdam, Brave New Books, © 2016. ISBN 9789402157574  
Originally published 1987 

440. maa
441. madadu 
442. madati
443. madi HT 3
444. mai/maimi 
445. majutu 
446. makai/makaise 
447. makaita 
448. makarite  
449. mana/manapi 
450. maniki 
451. Manirizu 
452. manuqa
453. maro/maru/maruku/maruri 
454. masa/masaja 
455. masi/masidu 
456. Masuja 
457. masuri 
458. matapu
459. mateti 
460. mati/matiti 
461. matizaite 
462. maza/mazu  
463. medakidi  
464. Mekidi 
465. mesiki -or- sikime – or - kimesi 
466. mepajai
467. mera 
468. merasasaa/merasasaja 
469. mesasa
470. Mesenurutu
471. meto 
472. Meturaa
473. meza 
474. mia
475. midai 
476. midani 
477. midamara2 (midamarai) 
478. midara
479. midemidiu 
480. mie
481. miima  
482. Mijanika
483. mijuke
484. mikidua 
485. mikisana/mikisena
486. minaminapii 
487. minedu
488. mini 
489. miniduwa 
490. minumi
491. minute (sing. minuta2 – minutai) 
492. mio/miowa 
493. mipa
494. mireja
495. miru 
496. mirutarare  
497. misimiri
498. misuma
499. mita 
500. miturea 
501. mizase
502. Mujatewi
503. muko 
504. mupi 
505. murito 
506. muru HT 3

507. naa 
508. nadare
509. nadi/nadiradi/nadiredi 
510. nadiwi
511. nadu
512. Nadunapu2a 
513. Naisizamikao 
514. naka  
515. nakiki 
516. Nakininuta
517. nakuda 
518. Namarasasaja
519. Namatiti
520. nami  
521. namikua/namikuda
522. namine 
523. nanau 
524. nanipa3
525. napa3du
526. nara/naru 
527. narepirea
528. naridi 
529. narita
530. naroka 
531. nasarea
532. nasekimi 
533. nasi 
534. nasisea
535. nataa/nataje 
536. Natanidua
537. natareki 
538. nati
539. nazuku/nazuru 
540. nea 
541. neakoa  
542. nedia
543. nedira
544.  neka/nekisi 
545. nemaduka 
546. Nemaruja
547. nemi -or- mine 
548. Nemiduda 
549. Nemusaa 
550. Nenaarasaja 
551. neqa 
552. Neramaa 
553. nerapa/nerapaa 
554. nere 
555. nesa/nesaki/nesakimi 
556. Nesasawi 
557. Nesekuda  
558. neta 
559. netapa
560. netuqe
561. nidapa
562. nidiki/nidiwa 
563. niduti
564. nijanu
565. niku/nikutitii 
566. nimi
567. nipa3 
568. nira2 (nirai) -or- nita2 (nitai) )
569. niro/niru 
570. nise/nisi 
571. nisudu 
572. nisupu
573. niti/nitinu 
574. nizuka
575. nizuuka
576. nua
577. nude 
579. nuduwa
580. nuki/nukisikija
581. numida/numideqe
582. nupa3ku 
583. nupi 
584. nuqetu 
585. nuti/nutini 
586. Nutiuteranata
587. nutu
588 nuwi 

589. odami/odamia 
590. okamiza
591. Okamizasiina
592. opi  
593. ora2dine (oraidine) 
594. osuqare 
595. otanize
596. oteja 

597. pa/paa
598. padaru
599. padasuti
600. pade
601. padupaa
602. pa3a/pa3ana 
603. pa3da 
604. pa3dipo
605. pa3e
606. pa3karati 
607. pa3kija
608. pa3ku 
609. pa3ni/pa3nina/pa3niwi 
610. pa3pa3ku
611. pa3qa 
612. pa3qe -or- qepa3 i.e. paiqe -or- qepai
613. pa3roka
614. pa3sase 
615. pa3waja 
616. paiki... (truncated right) 
617. Paito 
618. paja/pajai
619. pajare 
620. paka 
621. paku 
622. Pamanuita
623. para 
624. parane 
625. paroda
626. parosu 
627. pasarija 
628. pase
629. paseja 
630. pasia
631. pasu 
632. pata/patu 
633. patada
634. patane  
635. pataqe
636. pazaku
637. pia/pii 
638. pija/pijani/pijawa 
639. piku/pikui/pikuzu 
640. pimata 
641. pimitatira2 (pimitatirai)
642. pina/pini 
643. pirueju
644. pisa 
645. pita/pitaja 
646. pitakase/pitakesi  
647. pitara/pite(ri) 
648. piteza
649. pitisa
650. piwaa
651. piwaja
652. piwi
653. posa 
654. posi -or- sipo 
655. potokuro
656. pu2juzu
657. pu2ra2 (pu2rai)
658. pu2reja
659. pu2su/pu2sutu 
660. pu3pi
661. pu3tama
662. puko 
663. punikaso
664. puqe
665. pura2 (purai)
666. pu2reja... (truncated)
667. pusa/pusi
668. pusuqe
669. putejare

670. Qara2wa 
671. Qa2ra2wa 
672. qajo
673. qaka 
674. qakure
675. qanuma  
676. qapa3 (qapai) 
677. qapaja/qapajanai 
678. qaqada  
679. Qaqaru 
680. qara2wa (qaraiwa)
681. qareto 
682. qaqisenuti
683. qaro  threshold 
684. qasaraku 
685. qatidate 
686. qati/qatiju/qatiki 
687. qedi 
688. qedeminu 
689. qeja 
690. qeka 
691. qekure
692. Qenamiku
693. qenupa
694. qepaka
695. qepita
696. qepu 
697. qequre 
698. qera2u/qera2wa/qera2ja HT 1
699.  qeria/qeriu 
700. qero 
701. qerosa 
702. qesidoe
703. qesite
704. qesizue 
705. qesupu
706. qesusui
707. qeta2e (qetaie)
708. qeti 
709. qetune/qitune 
710. qisi
711. qoroqa 
712. quqani 
713. raa
714. rada/radaa/radakuku/radami 
715. radarua 
716. radasija
717. radizu 
718. radu/rade 
719. ra2ka (raika) 
720. Ra2madami (raimadami)
721. ra2miki (raimiki)
722. ra2natipiwa (rainatipiwa)
723. ra2pu/ra2pu2 (raipu/raipu2)
724. ra2ri (rairi) 
725. ra2rore
726. ra2ru 
727. ra2saa 
728. ra2ti (raiti)
729. Raja/Raju 
730. raka/rakaa
731. ranatusu
732. rani
733. raodiki 
734. rapa/rapu 
735. rapu3ra 
736. raqeda
737. rarasa
738. raride... (truncated right) 
739. rarua
740. rasa/rasi 
741. rasamii 
742. rasasaa/rasasaja 
743. rata/ratapi 
744. ratada
745. ratise (ritise?)
746. razua 
747. rea 
748. reda/redana/redasi 
749. Redamija
750. redise 
751. reduja 
752. reja/rejapa 
753. rekau 
754. rekotuku 
755. reku/rekuqa/rekuqe
756. rema/rematuwa
757. remi
758. renara/renaraa 
759. renute
760. repa
761. Repu2dudatapa 
762. repu3du
763. reqasuo
764. reradu 
765. Rera2tusi (Reraitusi)
766. Reratarumi 
767. rerora2 (rerorai)
768. rese/resi/resu  
769. retaa/retada 
770. retaka 
771. retata2
772. retema 
773. reza 
774. rezakeiteta 
775. ria 
776. ridu 
777. rikata 
778. rima 
779. rimisi 
780. ripaku
781. ripatu 
782. riqesa
783. rira/riruma
784. rirumati 
785. risa
786. Risaia3dai 
787. Risumasuri 
788. ritaje 
789. rite/ritepi 
791. ritoe
792. rodaa/rodaki 
793. roe 
794. roika 
795. roke/roki/roku 
796. romaku
797. romasa
798. ronadi
799. rore/roreka
800. rorota -or- taroro

Linear A Lexicon 2018 vocabulary only, no definitions: PART 1: entries 1-439

Linear A Lexicon 2018 entries 1-439

This lexicon adopts the conventions followed by L.R. Palmer in his ground-breaking work on Linear B, The Interpretation of Mycenaean Greek Texts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, © 1963, 1998. ix, 488 pp. ISBN 0-19-813144-5 (1998). For Palmers glossary, which follows these conventions, see pp. 402-473.  We have adopted these conventions to make the vocabulary of Linear A accessible to any and all, from lay persons not yet familiar with Linear A and non-linguists (somewhat) familiar with Linear B and/or A all the way to professional linguists adept in Linear B, and possibly also in Linear A, in order that everyone, regardless of education or scholastic background may readily access our Linear A Lexicon and come to familiarize him- or herself with at least the rudiments of Linear A, or in the case of professional linguists, with the intricacies of the syllabary.    

This Lexicon represents all of the vocabulary Alexandre Solça and I myself have compiled, plus around 100 additional exograms deciphered by Peter van Soebergen in his superb 4 volume set, Minoan Linear. Amsterdam, Brave New Books, © 2016. ISBN 9789402157574  
Originally published 1987 

1. adai
2. adakisika 
3. ade
4. adara/adaro/adaru 
5. adidakitipaku 
6. adikite(te)...
7. adoro 
8. adi
9. adina/adine
10. adu 
11. adu2sara
12. adukumina 
13. Adunitana
14. adure/adureza
15. aduza
16. ajesa 
17. aju
18. aka 
19. Akanu/Akanuzati 
20. Akanuzati 
21. akara/akaru HT 2
22. akarakitanasijase 
23. ake 
24. akipiete(ne?)

25. akiro

26. akoane

27. akumina
28. ama
29. amaja 
30. amarane... (truncated)
31. amawasi
32. amidao/amidau
33. amata
34. amita 
35. ana
36. ananusijase
37. anaqa
38. anatijowaja
39. anatu 
40. anau
41. anepiti
42. apa3di (apaidi)... (truncated)
43. apadupa... (truncated 
44. apaija
45. apaki
46. aparane
47. apaki
48. apero
49. api 
50. apu2nadu
51. ara 
52. araju 
53. arako 

54. arakokuzu

55. aranare/aranarai HT 1
56. aratiatu 
57. aratu/aratumi... (truncated)
58. arauda
59. aredai

60. Arekinedisa(?)ma

61. Arenesidi  
62. arepirena
63. aresana
64. ari
65. arinita 
66. arija
67. aripa
68. ari/aru 
69. arisu 
70. arenita
71. aro/aru
72. arokaku 
73. arote
74. arote2
75. arisu
76. aru
77. arura 
78. arudara  
79. aruma 
80. aruqaro 
81. asadaka 
82. asamune 
83. Asara2
84. Asasarame 
85. asasumai(no)
86. Asasumaise
87. ase/asi
88. asu
89. aseja/asuja 
90. asesina 
91. asidatoi  
92. asijaka
93. asikira 
94. asisupoa
95. asona 
96. Asuja
97. asumi
98. asupuwa 
99. atade 
100. ataijodeka
101. ataijowa(e)
102. atanate 

103. A-ta-no-dju-wa-ja

104. atare 
105. atika 
106. atiru
107. atu 
108. aurete
109. auta 
110. awapi 
111. azura

112. daa 
113. dadai/dadana
114. Dadakitipaku
115. dadumata
116. dadumina/dadumine 
117. dadute
118. dai/daina
119. daipita
120. daka/daki/daku
121. dakuna
122. Dakusene(ti) 
123. damate 
124. dame/dami
125. daminu
126. danasi
127. danekuti
128. daqaqa
129. daqera 
130. dare 
131. darida (daweda)
132. daropa 
133. darunete
134. daserate
135. dasi
136. datapa 
137. datara/datare
138. data2 (datai)
139. datu 
140. Dawa 
141. dea 
142. deauwase 
143. dedi 
144. dejuku 
145. deka -or- kade 
146. Demirirema
147. depa/depu
148. deponiza
149. dewa -or- wide
150. dide/didi
151. dideru 
152. didikase/didikaze HT 1
153. dii
154. dija/dije
155. dika/dikaki.../dikatare (right truncated) 
156. Dikate 
157. dikime
158. dikise 
159. dima/dimaru 
160. dimedu
161. dinaro
162. dinasuka
163. dinau 
164. dipa3a (dipaia)
165. dipaja 
166. diqe -or- qedi
167. diqise
168. dirasa
169. diradina/diredina
170. direna (diwena)
171. dirina
172. diru 
173. disa
174. disipita 
175. ditajaru
176. ditamana 
177. du/dua/duja
178. dudama
179. duja
180. dumaina 
181. dumedi
182. dumitatira2 (dumitatirai)
183. dunawi
184. dupa3na (dupaina)
185. dupitewa 
186. Dupu3re (dupure)
187. dura2
188. durare 
189. duratiqe
190. dureza/durezase
191. durui... (truncated)
192. dusi/dusini
193. dusima 
194. dusu 
195. duti 
196. duwi 
197. duzu/duzuwa

198. edamisa
199. edija
200. edu
201. eka  
202. enasi
203. eniwa
204. epa3 (epai)
205. ero 
206. esija
207. etanasu
208. eta2qe (etaiqe)
209. etori 
210. ezusiqe

211. ia
212. Ida/Idaa/Idada/Idapa3
213. Idamate/Idamete 
214. idami
215. idapa3isari 
216. Idarea
217. idorinita
218. Idunesi 
219. iduti 
220. ija 
221. ijadi 
222. ijapa
223. Ijapame 
224. ijaredija
225. ijate
226. ika 
227. Ikesedesute  
228. Ikurina
229. ikuta
230. imas
231. imisara
232. ina
233. inaimadu
234. inaja
235. Inajapaqa 
236. inasi
237. inawa
238. ipasaja
239. ipinama/ipinamina
240. ipinamasirute
241. ira2 (irai)
242. iruja 
243. isari 
244. ise 
245. itaja 
246. itaki
247. itijukui
248. Itinisa 

249. itisapuko

250. Ititikuna
251. itowaja
252. Izurinita

252. jaa
254. jadi/jadu
255. jadikitetedupu2re
256. jadikitu
257. jadireja
258. jadurati
259. jai  
260. jainwaza 
261. jaiterikisu 
262. jaitose 
263. jaja 
264. jakisikinu 
265. jako/jaku/jakuti 
266. jamaa 
267. jamauti 
268. jami/jamidare 
269. januti 
270. japa/japadi 
271. japaka/japaku 
272. Japametu 
273. Japanidami
274. japarajase 
275. jara2qe (jaraiqe)
276. jara/jare/jaremi 
277. jarepu2
278. jarete
279. jari/jarina/jarinu 
280. jaripa3ku  
281. jarisapa 
282. jaru -or- ruja
283. jarui 
284. jasaja 
285. jasumatu 
286. jasapai
287. Jasaraanane 
288. jasasaramana/jasasarame 
289. jasidara 
290. jasea/jasepa 
291. jasie  
292. jasuma(tu) 
293. jataiouja
294.  jate/jateo 
295. jatimane 
296. jatituku+ jatituku 
297. jatoja
298. jawapa3... (truncated)
299. jaupamaida
300. jawi 
301. jedi 
302. jeka
303. jemanata 
304. jetana 
305. jua 
306. judu 
307. juerupi 
308. juka
309. jukunapakunuu
310. juma/jumaku 
311. juraa 
312. jureku  
313. juresa 
314. jutiqa
315. juu 

316. kadi 
317. kadumane
318. kadusi
319. kae/kai
320. kaika 
321. kairo 
322. kaji/kaju
323. kaki/kaku
324. kakupa
325. kakunete/kakusunetu
326. kami  
327. kana/kanatiti/kanau 
328. kanaka 
329. Kanijami 
330. kanita 
331. kanuti 
332. kapa/kapaqe/kapate/kapi 
333. kapasara2 (kapasarai)
334. kaporu 
335.  kapu3si 
336.  kaqa/kaqe 
337.  kara/karu  
338.  karero
339.  karona
340.  karopa2 (karopai) 
341.  karu 
342.  karunau 
343.  kasaru 
344.  kasi
345.  Kasidizuitanai 
346. Kasikidaa
347. kasitero 
348. katanite
349. kataro 
350. kati 
351. kaudeta 
352. kaudoni
353. kauzuni 
354. keda 
355. keire
356. Kekiru
357.  kera/kero
358. keta/kete/ketu 
359. Ketesunata 
360. kezadidi
361. kida/kidi 
362. kidapa 
363. kidaro 
364. kidata/kidate
365. kidini 
366. kidiora
367. kii/kiipa
368. kija 
369. kika 
370. kikadi  
371. kikina 
372. kikiraja
373. kimara2 (kimarai)
374. kimu 
375. kina  
376. kinima
377. kinite
378. kipaa (see also unaa below)
379. kipira2 (kipirai)/kipirija
380. kiqa 
381. kira 
382. kireta2
383. kiretana HT 2
384. kiretaiwinu + kiretana winu
385. kireza 
386. kiro/kirisi/kiru HT 1
387. kirusata -or- rusataki -or- satakiru
388. kiso 
389. kisusetu
390. kitai/kitei  
391. kitanite 
392. kitanasija/kitanasijase
393. kiti 
394. kitina 
395. kitiqa
396. kito 
397. koiru 
398. koja 
399. komu 
400. kopu
401. koru 
402. Kosaiti 
403. kuda 
404. kudona
405. kuduri (kuduwe?)
406. kujude 
407. kuka 
408. kukudara 
409. kumaju 
410. kumapu
411. kuminaqe 
412. kunisu 
413. kupa/kupi
414. kupa3natu
415. Kupa3nu HT 1 HT 3
416. kupa3pa3 
417. kupa3rija
418. kupaja 
419. kupari 
420. Kupatikidadia
421. kupazu 
422. kupi
423. kuqani
424. kura
425. kuramu 
426. kurasaqa 

427. kuratujo

428. kureda 
429. kureju
430. kuro/kurotu 
431. kuto/kutu
432. kuruku
433. kuruma 
434. Kutiti 
435. kutu 
436. kutukore
437. kuwa -or- waku 
438. kuzu 
439. kuzuni 


All-new decipherment of Linear A tablet HT 8 (Haghia Triada) dealing with multiple crops:

Linear A tablet HT 8

This is the first time I have attempted to decipher Linear A tablet HT 8 (Haghia Triada), and I have met with considerable success in deciphering it for the most part. It quite clearly deals with multiple crops. Some explanation is in order. On the RECTO, we find the supersyllabogram KI, which means KIRETAI, in Greek kri/qai, meaning barley of which there are 10 units, something like bushels (a mere approximation as we cannot know that the standard units of measurement for crops were either in Linear A or in Linear B). Next comes the supersyllabogram PA3 (PAI), which probably refers to pa3ni/pa3nina/pa3niwi Old Minoan (OM) = millet -or- spelt. KARATI on line 2 is also OM and appears to correspond to Anatolian, karasa = a large jar, which makes sense in context. PA3 (PAI), which probably refers to pa3ni/pa3nina/pa3niwi Old Minoan (OM) = millet -or- spelt is then repeated. Line 3 begins with the supersyllabogram (SSYL) TE, which means tereza, OM for the standard unit of liquid measurement, while qanuma is OM for some kind of pulse crop, any one of broad beans (faba/fava), chick peas, lentils or vetch. On line 4 we find the word SIKIRA si/kera, a sweet-fermented liquor, Cf. Linear B sikero. When we combine this word with KIRETANA kri/qania on line 5 we get SIKIRA KIRETANA, which means of course a barley-like sweet-fermented liquor, in other words, beer, probably sweetened with honey.

VERSO: SUPU2 is a pithos or alternatively sappu, which is Semitic for bowl (practically the same thing). Hence, this decipherment is sound. The SSYL KA probably refers to karasa (Anatolian), meaning a large jar, which reinforces the decipherment of SUPU2. PA3 (PAI) on line 2 again refers to millet or spelt. ZARI- continued on line 3 with – RE is unknown, but has something to do with crops, followed as it is with the symbols for harvesting shares. KAPA karpa/ is ripe crops. PAJARA on line 4 appears to mean indentured land.

All in all, this decipherment is coherent, and holds together well.


The supersyllabogram WI in Linear A winu, winadu, winumatari

Minoan wine presses

The supersyllabogram WI in Linear A means any of the following,winadu #i1nadu = vineyard Cf. Linear B winado -or- winu NM1 #i/nu = wine Cf. Linear B wono #oi/noj -or- winumatari NM1 #i/numa/tari = wine dedicated to Mother Earth (agglutinative). The most likely interpretation is winu = wine, but the other two are not out of the question. This supersyllabogram appears on only one tablet, Khania KH 5 wi.


the supersyllabogram SU in Linear A, a small cup with handles & the largest pithos size:

Minoan Pithos and small cup with a handle

The supersyllabogram SU in Linear A has two meanings, context dependent. The first is:

1. SU = supa3 (supai)/supa3ra (supaira) OM = a small cup with handles Cf. Linear B dipa mewiyo. The word depa/depu PGS de/paj de/pu (acc.?) = cup occurs in Linear A. Cf. Linear B dipa di/paj & Homeric de/pa

and the second is:

2. SU = supi/supu/supu2 OM = largest size pithos;

but not MOSE * NM1 supu/h sipu/h sipu/a i0pu/a = meal tub. MOSE * = decryption by Prof. Yuriy Mosenkis. This interpretation flies in the face of context on any Linear A tablet or fragment. It is all fine and well to conjecture a proto-Greek or Mycenaean-derived Greek word, but if you check your decipherment against extant tablets, then you may find it invalidated. This must always be done. Otherwise, you will end up with a meaning which is simply out of the question.


the supersyllabogram KA = with with a jar or vessel for water or wine:

Minoanand Mycenaeanflasks

kadi MOSE NM1 kadi/ (instr. sing.) <- ka/doj = with a jar or vessel for water or wine

This supersyllabogram appears on Haghia Triada tablets HT HT 28 wi HT 88 ma & HT 100 ma, in conjunction with the ideogram for wine on the first one and for man on the second and third. It would appear that the second and third tablets refer to a man or person using a jar or vessel for water or wine.


 

Comment by Nikos Papadopoulos (Greece) on my Linear A decipherment of beer as “with beer”, hence zute NM1 zu=qe <- ζῦθος = with beer

ancient depictions of beer consumption and brewing b

The rudiments are being revealed due to your diligence and systematic research. I will drink some Ζύθος (we use the word in modern Greek to denote the canning company e.g. Ζυθοποιία Άταλάντης) and propose a toast raising a glass of Cretan wine: May it be soon that whatever Linear A exists will be manifested translated for the world to acknowledge and admire.

NOTE by Richard Vallance

Lest anyone should be mislead into thinking that Linear A zute does not mean wine, consider this, that it is in the instrumental singular, meaning “with beer”, hence zute NM1 zu=qe <- ζῦθος = with beer. Nikos Papadopoulos is also quite confident that I am, slowly but surely, cracking at least 35 % of Linear A, which I trust I am.


The supersyllabogram AKA in Linear A = either wine skin or an embossed cup:

ancient wine skin and the Vapheio cup

BOLD: n. e.g. 1. A = a supersyllabogram for which the definition is either certain or highly probable.

Italics: n. e.g. 7. KI = a supersyllabogram for which the definition is possible.

Standard font: n. e.g. 2 = a supersyllabogram for which the definition is unlikely or questionable.

It is almost certain that the supersyllabogram A in Linear A means either a wine skin or an embossed cup.

1. A aka = aska = a0ska = wine skin -or- apero PGS a1mpeloj = a vine Cf. Linear B apero -or- aresana NM1 a1leisana <- a1leison = an embossed cup (arch. acc.) = de/paj (Homeric) Cf. Linear B dipa/arisu NM1 a1leisu <- a1leison = embossed cup

Note that it appears on HT 2 (Haghia Triada) dealing with olive oil, which is sometimes served from a vessel and on the other 3 tablets, same provenance, all of which deal with vessels, hence the reading, embossed cup:

HT 2 oo HT 39 ve KH 83 ve MA 10 ve

oo = olive oil

ve = vessels


Introduction to supersyllabograms on Linear A tablets: PART A

Supersyllabograms in Mycenaean Linear B:

The phenomenon of the supersyllabogram in Mycenaean Linear B was first introduced to the world at at the Third Interdisciplinary Conference, Thinking Symbols, on July 1, 2015, at the Pultusk Academy of Humanities, here:

role of supersyllabograms in Linear B Thinking Symbols

Prior to 2015, no researcher had ever identified supersyllabograms in Linear B. But what is a supersyllabogram? A supersyllabogram is the first syllabogram, i.e. the first syllable of a particular major Mycenaean Linear B word paired with a particular ideogram in any of the major sectors of the Mycenaean economy, agricultural, military, textiles, vessels and pottery. Initially, in 2015, 34 supersyllabograms were identified in this talk, which is brief enough for you to glean a clear conception of what supersyllabograms entail.

By 2016, this number had risen to 36, 35 syllabograms and 1 homophone or logogram (AI), published in Archaeology and Science, Vol. 11 (2015), ISSN 1452-7448, pp. 73-108, published in 2016, here:

Archaeology and Science decipherment of supersyllabograms in Linear B

 

Here is the abstract of that article:

A supersyllabogram is the first syllabogram, i.e. the first syllable of a major (never minor) economic indicator combined with a closely related ideogram in the four economic sectors of the Mycenaean economy, agricultural, military, textiles and vessels or pottery. With very few exceptions, change the economic sector and you change the meaning of any particular supersyllabogram. Of some 3,500 tablets and fragments from Knossos, about 800 or 23% contain at least one supersyllabogram and sometimes as many as four or five. The whole point of supersyllabograms is that they are meant to eliminate text on tablets to the greatest possible extent. In a syllabary of 61 syllabograms + one homophone (AI), 36 syllabograms or 59% are supersyllabograms. Supersyllabograms serve to greatly economize on the precious space available on the tiny inventory tablets in Linear B. Any complete decipherment of Linear B must fully account for the supersyllabogram as a unique phenomenon without which any approach to the interpretation of the Linear B syllabary is squarely compromised.

Supersyllabograms in Linear A:

As it turns out, supersyllabograms were not invented by the Mycenaeans, but by the Minoans. They first emerged in Linear A, not Linear B. In a syllabary of 54 syllabograms, 27 or 50 % are supersyllabograms. This compares favourably with the incidence of supersyllabograms in Linear B, in which 36 or 59 % of 61 syllabograms are supersyllabograms.

Linear A base syllabary

620 Table 5 Table of 27 supersyllabograms in Minoan Linear A

KEY to supersyllabograms in Linear A:

fi = figs

gr = grains (wheat)

ma = man, person

oo = olives, olive oil

pi = pigs

ra = rams

sh = sheep

te = textiles

ve = vessels

wi = wine & vinegar

Locales where Linear A tablets have been found:

HT = Haghia Triada

KH = Khania

MA = Malia

PE = Petras
PH = Phaistos

TH = Thera

TY = Tylissos

ZA = Zakros

The numeric value of each supersyllabograms is rated as follows:

BOLD: n. e.g. 21. TE = a supersyllabogram for which the definition is either certain or highly probable.

Italics: n. e.g. 1. A = a supersyllabogram for which the definition is possible.

Standard font: n. e.g. 2 = a supersyllabogram for which the definition is unlikely or questionable.

1. A aka = aska = a0ska = wine skin -or- apero PGS a1mpeloj = a vine Cf. Linear B apero -or- aresana NM1 a1leisana <- a1leison = an embossed cup (arch. acc.) = de/paj (Homeric) Cf. Linear B dipa/arisu NM1 a1leisu <- a1leison = embossed cup

HT 2 oo HT 39 ve KH 83 ve MA 10 ve

2. DA dadumata OM = harvesting? -or- grain(s) measured? -or- dadumina/dadumine OM= related to harvesting?

HT 133 gr

3. DI dipa3a (dipaia) PGS di/paia <- di/paj de/paj = from a cup -or- dipaja PGS di/paia <- di/paj de/paj = from a cup (alternate?)

HT 12 oo HT 14 oo (x2) HT 28 oo (x5) HT 50 oo HT 90 oo HT 116 oo HT 121 oo HT 129 oo

4. E etori NM1 e1tori <- e1toj = for a year?

HT 2 oo HT 21 oo HT 34 gr HT 50 oo HT 58 oo MA 10 (x3)

5. KA kadi MOSE NM1 kadi/ (instr. sing.) <- ka/doj = with a jar or vessel for water or wine

HT 28 wi HT 88 ma HT 100 ma

6. KE ?

HT 26 ve (x2)

7. KI kitina NM1 ktoi/na/ktoina/siaj = border of a plot of land/territory Cf. Linear B kotona kotoina ktoi/na = plot of land?

HT 8 oo HT 9 wi HT 16 oo HT 28 oo HT 44 gr HT 50 oo (x2) HT 91 oo HT 101 oo (x2) HT 116 (x2) HT 125 oo HT 129 oo HT 140 oo? (x2) TY 3 (x3) ZA 18 oo

8. KU?

HT 38 te (x2) HT 61 gr HT 128 gr (x6) PH 31 sh (x7)

9. ME meza NM1 me/za (fem. sing.) = greater, bigger Cf. Linear B mezo me/zwn me/zoj?

TY 3 oo ZA 15 wi

10. MI ? HT 28 oo HT 50 oo HT 58 oo HT 90 oo HT 91 oo (x2) HT 100 oo HT 101 oo HT 116 oo (x2) HT 125 oo HT 137 oo TY 3 oo (x5)

11. NE nea NM1 ne/a = new Cf. Linear B ne/#a = new -or- nere OM = larger amphora size (fem. plural)

HT 23 oo HT 32 oo (x2) HT 100 oo

12. PA pa3ni/pa3nina/pa3niwi OM = millet -or- spelt -or- pa3qe -or- qepa3 i.e. paiqe -or- qepai (+ ideogram for wheat”) LIG = a kind of grain similar to wheat

HT 43 gr HT 93 gr (x2) HT 120 gr (x3) HT 125 oo HT 128 gr KH 27 gr PE 1 (x2) TY 3 oo ZA 6 gr (x3) ZA 11 (x5) ZA 18 gr ZA 28 gr

13. QE qera2u/qera2wa OM = a type of grain, probably millet or spelt (inflected) -or-

qeria OM = probably millet or spelt

HT 16 gr HT 28 gr HT 36 gr HT 99 gr HT 101 gr HT 121 oo ZA 11 gr

14. RA ranatusu (agglutinative?) -or- NM1 r9anatusu < – r9anti/zw = to cleanse, purify

rani NM1 r9a=ni/j = anything sprinkled (as in a libation); rain drop See also ratise -or- ratise (ritise?) NM1 = la/tise <- la/taj = with drops of wine (instr. pl.)

HT 44 oo KH 31 ve KH 91 ve ZA 6 wi (x2) ZA 15

15. RI rima NM1 lei=mac = garden -or- lei=mma = remnant, remains -or- lh=mma = income, receipts (dative/instrumental plural)

HT 23 oo HT 35 oo HT 60 oo KH 82 oo

16. RU ruma/rumu/rumata/rumatase lu=matase <- lu=ma = offscourings from grain, i.e chaff?

KH 12 ve (x2) KH 63 ve KH 83 ve KH 84 ve KH 85 ve KH 91 ve

17. SA sato PGS Hebrew sa/ton = Hebrew unit of measurement?

HT 27 gr (x2) wi HT 144 wi HT 131 wi ZA 15 wi

18. SI sika NM1 shka/ (arch. acc.) <- shko/j = fold, enclosure; (sheep) pen; sacred precinct, shrine = <- zhka/zw = to pen in Cf. Linear B periqoro peri/boloj = sheep pen?

HT 27 wi PH 31 pi PH 31 sh ZA 9 sh (x3)

19. SU supa3 (supai)/supa3ra (supaira) OM =small cup with handles Cf. Linear B dipa mewiyo

-or- supi/supu/supu2 OM = largest size pithos -or- MOSE NM1 supu/h sipu/h sipu/a i0pu/a = meal

20. MA? 10 ve ZA 5 wi

TA taikama OM tai + NM1 ka/ma = a unit of land, something like an acre? -or- ta2re/ta2reki NM1 sta=rei<- stai=j wheaten flour mixed into dough + tasise sta/sisei -or- tai2si (taisi) NM1 stai=sei <- stai=j = with wheaten flour mixed into a dough (instr. pl.)

HT 28 oo (x2) HT 35 oo KH 19 oo KH 39 KH 55 oo KH 61 oo KH 85 oo

21. TE = teresa OM = liquid unit of measurement

HT 6 fi HT 13 wi HT 17 wi HT 19 wi HT 21 gr HT 40 gr HT 44 gr HT 51 fi HT 62 wi HT 67 fi HT 70 fi HT 96 fi HT 133 gr TH 6 te TH Zb 11 wi

22. TI tisa OM = pottery worker/working on pottery/pottery wheel (tourney)?

KH 10 ve

23. TU ?

HT 23 oo HT 28 oo HT 50 oo HT 101 oo TY 3 oo

24. U uro NM1 ou0=loj = entire, total. Cf. kuro ku=rwn = reaching, attaining i.e. = total ?

HT 2 oo HT 21 oo HT 28 oo HT 40 00 (x3) HT 43 oo HT 58 oo HT 91 oo HT 96 oo HT 100 oo HT 101 oo (x2) HT 125 oo HT 140 oo (x8) TY 3 oo

25. WA HT 27 wi (x2)

26. WI winadu #i1nadu = vineyard Cf. Linear B winado -or- winu NM1 #i/nu = wine Cf. Linear B wono #oi/noj -or- winumatari NM1 #i/numa/tari = wine dedicated to Mother Earth (agglutinative)

27. KH 5 wi


My article, Lexicon of Chariot Construction in Mycenaean Linear B, has been accepted in advance by the international historical journal, Epohi/Epochs:

Epohi Epochs historical journal

I shall be submitting it to the editor-in-chief, Stefan Iordanov of the Faculty of History of St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo (hence forward referred to as UVT), Bulgaria. The editorial board consists of highly prestigious researchers:

Executive Editor:

Stefan Yordanov, Associate Prof., Ph.D., St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo

Editor-in-Chief:

Ivan Tyutyundjiev, Prof., Dr. Hab., St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo

Deputy Editors in Chief:

Plamen Pavlov, Prof., Ph.D., St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo

Nikolay Kanev, Associate Prof., Ph.D., St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo

Editors:

Acad. Vasil Gyuzelev, Prof., Dr. Hab., Member of the Bulgarian Academy of science and President of the Association of Byzantinists and Medievalists in Bulgaria

Demetrios Gonis, Dr. Hab., Professor Emeritus of University of Athens (Greece)

Mirosław Jerzy Leszka, Prof., Dr. Hab., University of Lodz (Poland)

Tatyana Leontyeva, Prof., Dr. Hab., State University of Tver (Russia)

Milko Palangurski, Prof., Dr. Hab., St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo

Petko Petkov, Проф. д-р Петко Петков, St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo

Rumen Yankov, Prof., Dr. Hab., St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo

Mariya Ivanova, Prof., Dr. Hab., St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo

Dan Dana, Chargé de recherche de 1ère classe, Ph.D., Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique – Paris (France)

Issue editors:

Nikolay Kanev, Associate Prof., Ph.D.

Stefan Yordanov, Associate Prof., Ph.D.


 

Another Linear A tablet bites the dust… Troullos TL Za 1… horsemanship and hunting:

Troullos tablet TL Za 1

This tablet or nodule completely eluded me for over 2 years. Then tonight, all of sudden, its meaning literally burst wide open. The first hint came when I began to decipher the obvious Linear words, all of which happen to be Mycenaean-derived New Minoan NM1. The most obvious word, which stands out like a sore thumb, is WAJA = #ai/a in Mycenaean-derived Greek, in other words land. The rest of the Mycenaean-derived words were more difficult to extract from the agglutinated text, since in an agglutinative language such as Minoan, words which would otherwise be separate in a fusional or inflected language, such as ancient or modern Greek or German, are simply strung together in long strings. So it is difficult to know where one word ends and another begins … but far from impossible. Because so many words on this tablet are agglutinated, it presents a particularly challenging target for decipherment. But decipher it I did, as you can see below.

If we break apart the agglutinated words, meanings start to surface. For instance, ATAI*301 appears to mean 0astai= from oastei=a, meaning of the town, community.

Moving on, we have QARE0 = ba/lei ba/loj = at the threshold (locative singular). For the time being, I do not know what OSU, which is almost certainly Old Minoan, means but I am confident I shall soon figure it out. If we then decipher the first 2 agglutinated words ATA*301WAJA. OSUQARE, we get something along these lines (OSU being omitted for the time being), on the … threshold of community of town, i.e. on the … outskirts of the community or town

The the next two agglutinated words are UNAKANASI. UNA is Old Minoan. KANASI is instrumental plural Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1) for ka/nnasi (instr. plural) = made of reeds, i.e. wicker. This almost certainly refers to the chariot itself, which like almost all Mycenaean chariots, is probably made of wicker, as illustrated below. If my hunch is correct, given that KANASI means made of wicker, then UNA must necessarily mean chariot, hence a chariot made of wicker. Remember: UNAKANASI is a composite agglutination of 2 words, first Old Minoan (UNA) and the second Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1) = KANASI.

Troullos tablet original with Mycenaean horse and chariot and modern horse halter

IPINAMASIRUTE is another agglutination, this time consisting of 3 words, all of them Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1). The tablet or nodule above provides us with the full translation, which in its actual order reads, with horsemanship + running + (towards) prey. In other words, we have a charioteer, whose name is JASASARAME, clearly a highly skilled charioteer and hunter, whose ridership or horsemanship allows him to run towards his prey, and at a fast pace at that, given that NAMA always refers to something flowing fast, usually a stream, but in this context, clearly horses, 2 of them, of course, since Mycenaean chariots always have two horses.

So the free translation runs along these lines, and very well indeed,

Jasasarame, the hunter-charioteer, in his chariot made of wicker, is exercising his (considerable) ridership skills, by running at break-neck speed (or: running by a stream) towards the wild prey he is hunting on the outskirts of his town (community).

This decipherment, which is almost entirely in Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1) hangs together admirably well. It is a major breakthrough in the ongoing saga of the decipherment of Linear A. It is also buttressed by the fact that the tablet or nodule actually looks like a horses halter. While the word halter appears, at least at first sight, not to figure in the text, this is of little consequence. The tablet itself makes it quite clear enough that here we have two horses (always two with Mycenaean chariots) and that a well-heeled, and most likely aristocratic or warrior-class charioteer, Jasasarame, is at the reins.

I rest my case.


Astonishing commentary on my Exhaustive Linear A lexicon, comparing my achievements to those of Albert Einstein!

In the past week since I first uploaded my Exhaustive Linear A Lexicon, it has received 410 hits, i.e. downloads, as of 5:00 pm., Monday 7 August 2017. This amounts to almost 60 downloads a day. To download it, click below. You will then be taken to the next page, where you simply click the green DOWNLOAD button.

Exhausitve Linear Lexicon Richard Vallance Janke academia.edu

The lexicon has catapulted me from the top 5% to the top 0.1% of academia.edu users.
 
Comments and commendations have been pouring in. Unquestionably, the most astonishing is this one:

Linear A research by Richard Vallance Janke related to Albert Einstein and Coliln Renfrew

Other comments include:

wonderful topic... 

Inspired by your new perspective on one of the most studied cultures in the world.

Yes when you see their artifacts and the technology needed to create such items is amazing... Thanks for the reply and keep up the great work 

e=mc2




New interpretation of Linear A tablet HT 7 (Haghia Triada):

Linear A tablet HT 7 Haghia Triada

 

A few months ago, I tentatively deciphered Linear A tablet New interpretation of Linear A tablet HT 7 (Haghia Triada), but when I look back on that decipherment now, I find it implausible. So I have re-interpreted here in light of new data I have acquired since then. As the tablet is inscribed mostly in Old Minoan, it is rather difficult to make complete sense of it. However, the two Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1) terms offer us a clue. These are iruja = a priestess and tanati, which appears to be dative singular for “death”. However, although iruja is nominative singular, it is followed by the number 3, which would seem to indicate that there are 3 priestesses. And the Minoan plural of a is e, hence iruje. The only explanation I can find for this discrepancy is that the 3 priestesses are operating independently, one by one, each one making at least 1 offering, while 1 priestess makes 2, for a total of 4. But this translation, which is rather convoluted, remains in doubt because I cannot verify with any real certainty the meanings of the Old Minoan words. However, it does manage to hold together. Perhaps someday in the future, we shall unearth more Linear A tablets, which will provide us with insight into the significance of the Old Minoan vocabulary.


New interpretation of Linear A tablet ZA 20 (Zakros):

Linear A tablet ZA 20 HM 1636 Zakros

This new interpretation of Linear A tablet ZA 20 (Zakros) varies only slightly from my original one. I interpret the syllabogram on line 0 (the indecipherable line) as being NI, since the bottom of NI is a vertical line. And figs often figure prominently in Linear A tablets. The actual reading of the text is not quite clear, since there are at least 2 damaged syllabograms following MI on line 1. It is impossible to determine with any accuracy what the actual units of measurement are for anything on this tablet, although of course the units of chaff from wheat would have to be considerably less than the total units of wheat. So 1 unit + 6 units of wheat probably refers to something like bushels (a mere approximation), from which we would not get all that much chaff… which may explain the presence of the container, supposedly containing 3 smallish units of chaff. But why would anyone want to place chaff in a container? So we see problems with the decipherment.


Linear A tablet HT 38 (Haghia Triada) with 2 supersyllabograms, dealing with wine:

Linear A tablet TA HT 38 Linear A

This intriguing tablet apparently deals with containers for wine, ranging from a type of vase (daropa) to a wine-skin (aka) to cloth, which appears to have been treated to be water-proof. Since the ideogram for pig appears immediately to the left of aka, we can surmise that the wine-skin is made of pigs hide. The notion that cloth containers could have been water-proofed is somewhat in doubt, but the overall decipherment of HT 38 appears sound enough.

 


Linear A haiku, violets parallel to violets for Kaniami, from her father, in Linear A, archaic Greek, English and French:

As can clearly be seen from the original inscription on this exquisitely crafted golden pin from the A.Y. Nikolaos Museum, Crete, the text of the haiku closely follows the original:

Linear A golden pin Zf 1 Ayios Nikolaos Museum

 


Just uploaded to academia.edu = Exhaustive Linear A lexicon of 1030 New Minoan and Old Minoan words, with extensive sectional commentaries.pdf 


exhaustive linear a lexicon of 1030 Minoan words with extensive sectional commentaries


What with its 1030 entries of New Minoan (NM1), Pre-Greek substratum and Old Minoan terms, this is the most exhaustive Linear A Lexicon ever published in history, exceeding Prof. John G. Younger’s (at 774 intact words) by 226, with the emphasis squarely on intact exograms (words). Every possible origin of Linear A words is investigated, with extensive sectional commentaries. This lexicon, 65 pp. long, includes 4 appendices and a bibliography of 108 items. 

You will not want to miss out on reading this paper, representing one of the most significant historical breakthroughs in the decipherment of the Linear syllabary. If you are a member of academia.edu, please download it, and read it at your leisure. If you are not already a member of academia.edu, you can sign up for free, and then download it.

My recent research into (Minoan) Linear A has meant that I have been catapulted from the top 5 % to the top 0.1 % of users on academia.edu in the past three weeks, here:

Richard Vallance profile academia.edu




Silver pin from Mavro Spelio: A.Y. Nikolaos Museum PL Zf 1:

Minoan Linear APL Zf1 silver pin Nikolaus Museum

 

This silver pin, PL Zf 1, from Mavro Spelio, now housed in the A.Y. Nikolaos Museum, Crete, bears an inscription which may read dextrograde (left-to-right) or sinistrograde (right-to-left), but either way the text reads the same way. The inscription is a mixture of Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1) and Old Minoan. The words Tanunikina (nom. fem. sing.) and Ninuni (dat. sing.) are almost certainly eponyms, with the former acting in some way as an agent of healing to the latter. Apart from the eponyms, the Old Minoan text is indecipherable. But that does not mean we cannot catch the drift of the inscription, because we can. It certainly makes sense that Tanunikina, despite her best efforts to spin or weave a magic spell, cannot heal Ninuna. We can infer that Tanunikina is a healer priestess. Such personages were extremely common in the ancient world, and certainly in Minoan Crete and on the Mycenaean mainland, with this practice surviving into archaic and classical Greece. She may even be an oracle, such as we find at Delphi much later on in ancient Greek history. If she is an oracle, she probably worked from a Minoan peak sanctuary.   




Linear A haiku: the saffron goddess, her crimson dress adorned with ivy:

Minoan Linear A haiku sea sarai the saffron goddess

In this haiku, all of the words except sarai = “flax or saffron” (the latter in this context) are Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1). The onomatopoeia of the 3 phrases rolls off the tongue. Not only is her dress adorned with ivy, apparently she is as well.


							
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