Tag Archive: moon



summer haiku d’été – dying embers = braises mourantes, by Willie Bongcaron

dying embers –
the concealed radiance
of the moon

dying embers 620

braises mourantes –
l’éclat caché
de la lune

Willie Bongcaron

translated into French = traduit en français by/ par Richard Vallance



autumn haiku d’automne = what spooky light = quelle lumière sinistre

what spooky light
falls by the harvest moon 
on our pumpkin patch?

pumpkins in the moonlight 620

quelle lumière sinistre
de la lune des moissons brille
sur nos citrouilles ?

Richard Vallance


funny summer haiku rigolo – on the ferris wheel = sur la grande roue

reaching for moon
on the ferris wheel,
dizzy as a bat!

ferris wheel and the moon

en vol vers la lune
sur la grande roue,
je suis étourdi !

Richard Vallance


summer haiku d’hiver – on a stifling night – la nuit trop chaude

on a stifling night
wolves howl at the moon
echoing loons

wolves howling at the moon 620

la nuit trop chaude,
les loups hurlent à la lune,
échos des huards

Richard Vallance


summer haiku d’été – full moon on the lake = pleine lune sur le lac

full moon on the lake 
where loons have flown by –
shimmering ghosts

full moon on the lake

pleine lune sur le lac,
les huards disparus –
fantômes miroités

Richard Vallance


senryu – the earth and moon = la terre et la lune

the earth and moon
in our galaxy’s gaze
eons beyond vision	

the earth and moon	
		
la terre et la lune
que la galaxie regarde 
à perte de vue

Richard Vallance


Haiku © by Richard Vallance, photo © by Gabriel Can


							

winter haiku d’hiver – bear moon = la lune de l’ours  

the bear moon
over our hunters’ trails –
Windigo’s lairs

Bear Moon Windigo

la lune de l’ours
par-dessus nos sentiers –
tanières du Windigo

Richard Vallance

In the lunar calendar of the Amerindian Ojibways, Mkwa-Giizis, the Bear Moon, roughly corresponds to the month of February.

Dans le calendrier lunaire des Ojibways amérindiens, Mkwa-Giizis, la lune de l’ours, correspond à peu près au mois de février.


summer haiku d’été – on a humid night = la nuit humide

on a muggy night
barn howls in our barn
hoot at the moon

barn owls haiku 620

la nuit humide,
les chouettes effraies
hululent à la lune

Richard Vallance
  


winter haiku – the snow storm = la tempête de neige

the snow storm
misting the shattered fence
by the phantom moon

snow storm misting 620

la tempête de neige
sur la clôture éclatée,
la lune spectrale

Richard Vallance


winter haiku – super blood wolf moon = lune du loup sanglant

super blood wolf moon
a total lunar eclipse
photo from last night 

wolf moon 01-20-19 620

lune du loup sanglant
éclipse lunaire totale
photo d’hier soir

Regis Auffray,
French translation by Richard Vallance 

Photo by/ par Regis Auffray 

Special note:

It is impossible to literally translate the first and last lines of this haiku from English to French without running to too many syllables. This frequently happens when we try to translate haiku from one language to another, let alone from English to French. We simply do the best we can.

Il est impossible de traduire littéralement la première et la dernière ligne de cet haiku d’anglais en français sans utiliser trop de syllabes. Ce phénomène se produit très souvent quand on essaie de tranduire des haikus d’une langue à une autre, que se soit l’anglais et le français ou n’importe quelles autres langues. L’on fait simplement de son mieux. 


winter haiku d’hiver – a snow hare = le lièvre de neiges

a snow hare
bounds over the tundra
by an icy moon

snow har tundra

le lièvre de neiges
bondit sur la toundra
sous la lune glacée

Richard Vallance 


winter haiku d’hiver -the  silver moon = la lune d’argent

the silver moon
on silver snow -
a silver wolf

silver moon haiku 620

la lune d’argent
sur la neige argentée -
un loup argenté

Richard Vallance




							

winter haiku d’hiver – white raven = corbeau blanc

phantom
in the moonlit snow –
white raven

white raven haiku

fantôme
enneigé au clair de lune   –
corbeau blanc

Richard Vallance


winter haiku – blood wolf moon = lune du loup saignant

rabid gusts,
trees stripped of their leaves –
blood wolf moon

blood wolf moon

rafales féroces,
arbres dépouillés –
lune du loup saignant

Richard Vallance


winter haiku d’hiver – invisible Arctic fox = renard polaire invisible

invisible
to the moon Arctic fox
drifting in drifts

haiku arctic fox

invisible
à la lune renard polaire
dans les congères

Richard Vallance


summer haiku d’été – gray crane = grue grise


summer haiku d’été – gray crane = grue grise

gray crane
skimming the lake –
wild rice moon

haiku gray crane620

grue grise
s’approchant du lac –
lune du riz sauvage

Richard Vallance 


In the month of September, the Indigenous North American Anishinaabe Peoples (also known as Ojibwe) begin the rice harvest. During each of the thirty days of Manoominike-Giizis (”Wild Rice Moon”) harvesters head out in canoes to harvest wild rice from the smooth surface of lakes with names like Blackbird, Big, Pigeon and, naturally, Rice Lake. 


The Antikythera mechanism is a 2,100-year-old computer:

Wikipedia
Antikythera mechanism Wikipedia

116 years ago (1902), divers found a chunk of bronze off a Greek island. It has radically changed our understanding of human history.

One hundred sixteen years ago, an archaeologist was sifting through objects found in the wreck of a 2,000-year-old vessel off the Greek island Antikythera. Among the wreck’s treasures, fine vases and pots, jewellery and, fittingly enough, a bronze statue of an ancient philosopher, he found a peculiar contraption, consisting of a series of brass gears and dials mounted in a case the size of a mantel clock. Archaeologists dubbed the instrument the Antikythera mechanism. The genius — and mystery — of this piece of ancient Greek technology is that arguably it is the world’s first computer. If we gaze inside the machine, we find clear evidence of at least two dozen gears, laid neatly on top of one another, calibrated with the precision of a master-crafted Swiss watch. This was a level of technology that archaeologists would usually date to the sixteenth century AD. But a mystery remained: What was this contraption used for? 

To archaeologists, it was immediately apparent that the mechanism was some sort of clock, calendar or calculating device. But they had no idea what it was for. For decades, they debated. Was the Antikythera a toy model of the planets or was it a kind of early astrolabe, a device which calculates latitude?

IMAGE ancient

At long last, in 1959, Princeton science historian Derek J. de Solla Price provided the most convincing scientific analysis of this amazing device to date. After a meticulous study of the gears, he deduced that the mechanism was used to predict the position of the planets and stars in the sky depending on the calendar month. The single primary gear would move to represent the calendar year, and would, in turn, activate many separate smaller gears to represent the motions of the planets, sun and moon. So you could set the main gear to the calendar date and get close approximations for where those celestial objects in the sky on that date. And Price declared in the pages of Scientific American that it was a computer: “The mechanism is like a great astronomical clock ... or like a modern analogue computer which uses mechanical parts to save tedious calculation.”
 
Anticythera mechanism frontal

Antikythera mechanism original
It was a computer in the sense that you, as a user, could input a few simple variables and it would yield a flurry of complicated mathematical calculations. Today the programming of computers is written in digital code, a series of ones and zeros. This ancient analog clock had its code written into the mathematical ratios of its gears. All the user had to do was enter the main date on one gear, and through a series of subsequent gear revolutions, the mechanism could calculate variables such as the angle of the sun crossing the sky. As a point of referencdee, mechanical calculators using gear ratios to add and subtract, didn’t surface in Europe until the 1600s. 

Since Price’s assessment, modern X-ray and 3D mapping technology have allowed scientists to peer deeper into the remains of the mechanism to learn even more of its secrets. In the early 2000s, researchers discovered text in the guise of an instruction manual that had never been seen before, inscribed on parts of the mechanism. The text, written in tiny typeface but legible ancient Greek, helped them bring closure to complete the puzzle of what the machine did and how it was operated.
 
The mechanism had several dials and clock faces, each which served a different function for measuring movements of the sun, moon, stars, and planets, but they were all operated by just one main crank. Small stone or glass orbs moved across the machine’s face to show the motion of Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn, and Jupiter in the night sky and the position of the sun and moon relative to the 12 constellations of the zodiac. Another dial would forecast solar and lunar eclipses and even, amazingly enough, predictions about their colour. Today, researchers surmise that different coloured eclipses were considered omens of the future. After all, the ancient Greeks, like all ancients, were a little superstitious. 

The mechanism consisted of:
- a solar calendar, charting the 365 days of the year 
- a lunar calendar, counting a 19 year lunar cycle 
- a tiny pearl-size ball that rotated to illustrate the phase of the moon, and another dial that counted down the days to regularly scheduled sporting events around the Greek isles, like the Olympics.  The mechanics of this device are absurdly complicated. A 2006, in the journal Nature, a paper plotted out a highly complex schematic of the mechanics that connect all the gears. 

Researchers are still not sure who exactly used it. Did philosophers, scientists and even mariners build it to assist them in their calculations? Or was it a type of a teaching tool, to show students the math that held the cosmos together? Was it unique? Or are there more similar devices yet to be discovered? To date, none others have been found.

Its assembly remains another mystery. How the ancient Greeks accomplished this astonishing feat is unknown to this day. Whatever it was used for and however it was built, we know this: its discovery has forever changed our understanding of human history, and reminds us that flashes of genius are possible in every human era. Nothing like this instrument is preserved elsewhere. Nothing comparable to it is known from any ancient scientific text or literary allusion,” Price wrote in 1959. “It is a bit frightening, to know that just before the fall of their great civilization the ancient Greeks had come so close to our age, not only in their thought, but also in their scientific technology.”

There are amazing fully operational modern versions of the Antikythera Mechanism, such as these:

3d-reconstruction-ancient-antikythera-mechanism-770x437

another modern version of the Antikythera mechanism

Antikythera_model_front_panel_Mogi_Vicentini_2007


Researcher Cites Ancient Minoan-era Computer:

minoan_computer

This Minoan object preceded the heralded Antikythera Mechanism. If we take the definition of a computer as being a device that can compute, even at the most basic level, then this computer meets the bottom line of the definition.

A stone-made matrix has carved symbols on the surface of this computer related with the Sun and the Moon, serving as a cast to build a mechanism that functioned as an analog computer to calculate solar and lunar eclipses. The mechanism was also used as sundial and as an instrument calculating the geographical latitude. In this sense, it predates the astrolabe, an instrument of some antiquity (i.e. since Minoan times).

Researcher Cites Ancient Minoan-era Computer:

Researcher Minas Tsikritsis who hails from Crete — where the Bronze Age Minoan civilization flourished from approximately 2700 BC to 1500 century BC — maintains that the Minoan Age object discovered in 1898 in Paleokastro site, in the Sitia district of western Crete, preceded the heralded “Antikythera Mechanism” by 1,400 years, and was the first analog and “portable computer” in history.

“While searching in the Archaeological Museum of Iraklion for Minoan Age findings with astronomical images on them we came across a stone-made matrix unearthed in the region of Paleokastro, Sitia. In the past, archaeologists had expressed the view that the carved symbols on its surface are related with the Sun and the Moon,” Tsikritsis said.

The Cretan researcher and university professor told ANA-MPA that after the relief image of a spoked disc on the right side of the matrix was analysed it was established that it served as a cast to build a mechanism that functioned as an analog computer to calculate solar and lunar eclipses. The mechanism was also used as sundial and as an instrument calculating the geographical latitude.

Source: Athens News Agency [April 06, 2011]


For the definition of the astrolabe, see

astrolabe Wikipedia

Persian models dating as far back as the eleventh century have been found, and Chaucer wrote a Treatise on it in the late 1300s. But different models of astrolabes date as far back as somewhere around 400 BCE, when Theodora of Alexandra wrote a detailed treatise on the astrolabe. Historically, many different versions of the astrolabe have arisen since then. For a full account of astrolabes, consult Wikipedia: Astrolabe. But the whole point is that the Minoan computer predates even the earliest of these (vide supra), by at least 1,000 years!

By the Elizabethan era it consisted of a large brass ring fitted with an alidade or sighting rule:

Mariner's Astrolabe Francisco de Goes 1608

Notice the astonishing resemblance between the Minoan computer and the astrolabe from 1608 above.

***

For the amazing Antikythera Mechanism, see the next post.


5 more putative proto-Greek or pre-Greek Minoan Linear A words, MI-MU & 1 is a winner!

minoan-linear-words-mi-mu-of-possible-proto-greek-origin

The preceding table lists 5 more  putative proto-Greek or pre-Greek Minoan Linear A words from MI-MU.  Of these 5, [3] mita = “minth”, is by far the most compelling because it is identical to the Mycenaean Linear B word, right down to orthography. Both words may be either proto-Greek or part of the pre-Greek substratum. The next most convincing decipherment is [1] mini, which very likely means “month”, and which is probably proto-Greek or proto-Mycenaean. [4] muko = “recesss/corner”  also makes quite a lot of sense, in view of the fact that it appears to be an architectural term. Such terms are relatively common in Mycenaean Linear B; so it stands to reason that they may also be so in Minoan Linear A.  [5] musaja might possibly mean “shut/closed”, if it is an adjective, but this is a bit of stretch.


New article on academia.edu. My translation of Sappho’s Ode, “The Moon has set, and the Pleiades...” from Aeolic Greek to Mycenaean Linear B, Arcado-Cypriot Linear C, English and French, here: Click to OPEN

academiaedusublimesappho
This article with my translation of Sappho’s Ode, “The Moon has set, and the Pleiades...” into two archaic Greek dialects (Linear B & Linear C), as well as into English and French, is the first of its kind ever to appear on the Internet.

Osbert sapho ou  la poésie lyrique
It will eventually be followed by my translations of several other splendid lyrics by Sappho, as well as by serial installments of my translation of the entire Catalogue of Ships in Book II of the Iliad by Homer, and several haiku which I have already  composed in parallel Mycenaean Linear B, English & French (I kid you not!)

If you would like to keep up with my ongoing research on academia.edu, you should probably sign yourself up with them, and follow me. Additionally, you can follow anyone else you like, especially those researchers, scholars and authors who are of particular interest to you (not me). And of course, once you have signed up with academia.edu, which is free, you can upload your own research papers, documents, articles, book reviews etc. to your heart’s content.

Oh and by the way, we have a surprise coming up for you all, a research paper by none other than my co-administrator, Rita Roberts of Crete. 

Richard

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